Sir William Golding was born in Newquay, Cornwall on September 19 1911. His father was a science master at Marlborough Grammar School and his mother was a suffragette. He was 81 years old when he died on June 19 1993 (The Famous People).
He was a British novelist, playwright, and poet and his debut novel, Lord of the Flies published in 1954, is his best known work.
Education and Employment
Golding attended Marlborough Grammar School with his older brother, his father was a school master there until retirement. Golding did well at school academically and in sports. He competed at county level in sprinting and was appointed captain of the cricket team in sixth form (William Golding). He then went on to study Natural Sciences at Brasenose College in Oxford, his father hoped he would become a scientist but William was not happy with his chosen subject and instead changed to English Literature. Just after completing college, he had his collection of poetry published in 1935 but critics failed to notice it.
Golding was an English and music schoolmaster at Maidstone Grammar School, he eventually lost his job there due to “an unacademic combination of drink, women and politics” to quote from Golding (William Golding). His next position was at Bishop Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury, where he taught English, Philosophy, Greek, and drama. In 1940, Golding left teaching to join the Royal Navy. He spent six years in service and of those six, he helped Lord Cherwell at the Naval Research Establishment for seven months. After the war, Golding returned to teaching and began writing again as well ( NobelPrize.org).
Many of his written works draws from his Royal Navy service experience. After numerous rejections, Lord of the Flies was published in September 1954. It is his most notable and successful novel, which can be viewed as an allegorical novel depicting the conflict between the impulse toward civilization and the impulse toward savagery in human nature (Sparknotes). The themes explored in Lord of the Flies has an effect on the writing of his subsequent novels as well, which continues to examine man’s internal struggle between good and evil (Biography).
In 1979, Golding won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for Darkness Visible and in 1980 the Booker Prize for his novel, Rites of Passage (Wikipedia).
The Nobel Peace Prize for Literature was won by Golding in 1983 and 5 years later, in 1988 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II, appointing him as a a Knight Bachelor. (Classic Literature).
His other novels after Lord of the Flies are:
|The Inheritors (novel) 1955|
|Pincher Martin (novel) 1956|
|The Brass Butterfly (play) 1958|
|Free Fall (novel) 1959|
|The Spire (novel) 1964|
|The Hot Gates (essays) 1965|
|The Pyramid (novel) 1967|
|The Scorpion God (three short novels) 1971|
|Darkness Visible (novel) 1979|
|Rites of Passage (novel) 1980|
|A Moving Target (essays and autobiographical pieces) 1982|
|The Paper Men (novel) 1984|
|An Egyptian Journal 1985|
|Close Quarters (novel) 1987|
|Fire Down Below (novel) 1989|
Golding lived out the rest of his years until his death at his home in Perranarworthal, near Truro, Cornwall. He listed his recreations as music, sailing, archaeology and classical Greek (NobelPrize.org) . Golding died of heart failure on June 19th, 1993.
After his death the draft of his novel, The Double Tongue, set in ancient Delphi, was found a published posthumously in 1995 (Wikipedia).
Works Cited List
|“100 Quotes By Sir William Gerald Golding, The Author Of Lord Of The Flies”. THE FAMOUS PEOPLE. 01 August 2021 Accessed. https://quotes.thefamouspeople.com/william-golding-3201.php|
|Sen, Suchitra. “William Golding”. Quote Saga, Dishant Chavda. 01 August 2021 Accessed. https://www.quotesaga.com/quote/3516 |
|Ahmad, Adam. “15 INSIGHTFUL QUOTES FROM SIR WILLIAM GOLDING”. Bookstr. 01 August 2021 Accessed. https://bookstr.com/article/15-insightful-quotes-from-sir-william-golding/|
|“WILLIAM GOLDING: PINCHER MARTIN”. ASYLUM, John Self’s Shelves. August 4, 2011 Published. 01 August 2021. https://theasylum.wordpress.com/category/golding-william/|
|“William Golding”. Classic Literature Wikia, Classic Literature Fandom. 01 August 2021 Accessed. https://classic-literature.fandom.com/wiki/William_Golding|
|Wallace, Suzanne. “BEST OF 2014: WHY I READ LORD OF THE FLIES EVERY FIVE YEARS”. Quirkbooks. 29 December 2014 Published. 01 August 2021 Accessed. https://www.quirkbooks.com/post/best-2014-why-i-read-lord-flies-every-five-years|
|“William Golding”. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 14 July 2021 Published. 02 August 2021 Accessed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Golding|
|Presley, Nicola. “William Golding’s Early Life”. William Golding Limited. 19 September 2018 Published. 02 August 2021. https://william-golding.co.uk/william-goldings-early-life|
|William Golding – Nobel Lecture. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Mon. 2 Aug 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/literature/1983/golding/lecture/>|
|William Golding – Biographical. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Sun. 1 Aug 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/literature/1983/golding/biographical/>|
|Biography.com Editors. William Golding Biography. The Biography.com website, A&E Television Networks. April 2, 2014 Original Published Date. May 26, 2021 Last Updated. August 2, 2021 Accessed. https://www.biography.com/writer/william-golding|
|SparkNotes Editors. “Lord of the Flies”. SparkNotes.com, SparkNotes LLC, 2005. 03 August 2021 Accessed. https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/flies/study-questions/|